There are several hormones that our bodies produce that have a significant effect on our weight loss. The good news is that, through diet and exercise, we can minimize the production of those that have negative effects on us and spur on the ones that keep us lean, healthy, and in peak form.
Here is a list of 8 essential fat loss hormones that play an important role when it comes to losing weight:
Ghrelin is a hormone that is produced in the stomach. Its function is to tell your brain that you are hungry. For a lot of people who are trying to lose weight, the solution is to reduce caloric intake. The problem with this is that when you cut calories, you will feel hungry and thus produce more ghrelin. The key is to follow a balanced, fiber-rich diet and not skip meals. Regular workouts can also help to you feel less hungry.
Leptin, ghrelin’s second-in-command, is a type of protein hormone known as adipokine. These are the guys that tell your brain to eat less and burn more calories. Getting plenty of sleep and eating a diet that is rich in antioxidants increases leptin sensitivity, making it easier to consume less food and burn more calories. Avoid junk food and fructose, and get in more fish, onions, cherries, and green tea.
Adiponectin is also an adipokine but has a slightly different mechanism of action. This hormone makes it easier for your muscles to draw energy from carbohydrates and speeds up the rate at which fat is broken down in the body. It also helps to boost the metabolism and curb appetite and cravings. Eating fewer carbs and more good fats (avos, olives, walnuts, etc.) and exercising frequently increases adiponectin levels.
You are probably aware that insulin is very important when it comes to keeping down blood sugar levels. But it also plays a role in building muscle and helps your body to recover from exercise more easily. The more carbohydrates you consume, the more insulin you will have in your bloodstream, but too much of it can be a problem. Limiting starches and grains is a good idea. Try to get your carbs from fruits and veggies.
Glucagon, which the pancreas secretes, is pretty much the opposite of insulin. It breaks down stored carbohydrates and fats so that your body will be able to use them for energy. You can up glucagon levels with low-carb meals that are high in protein.
Cholecystokinin, also known as CCK, is a hormone that is released from cells in the intestines when you eat fat or protein. It slows digestion and makes you feel full for longer. If you get enough protein and fat at mealtimes, you’ll reap the benefits of CCK.
Epinephrine (aka adrenaline) is the fight-or-flight hormone. In addition to the fight or flight response, it aids in burning fat and releasing energy for the body. It also helps to suppress appetite. The best way to boost epinephrine is to get plenty of exercises.
8. GROWTH HORMONE
Growth hormone facilitates cell production and stimulates growth, and helps the body to break down and burn stored fat. With intense exercise and a sufficient amount of sleep, you will be able to take full advantage of its fat-burning effects.
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